Learning Judo

For participant safety and to ensure proper technique is developed, Judo should only be practiced under the supervision of a qualified instructor

There are two methods of practicing Judo, kata (pre-arranged forms) and randori (free practice or sparing). 

Kata - form practice

Kata consists of various informal drills, including uchi komi (practicing entering for throws), nage komi (practicing throwing), and mat work drills (pins, armbars, strangulations, and escapes). These informal kata or drills are essential for learning proper application of techniques. Kodokan Judo has 9 formal kata designed to teach and demonstrate specific techniques.

Randori - free practice or sparing

Randori prepares you to apply your techniques in a live real situation, allows you to feel what the techniques feel like against a resisting opponent, and helps you hone in on what you need to work on. Competition is an extension of Randori with a specific set of Rules.

Judo techniques range from basic body control to advanced throwing, grappling, and striking techniques. The techniques of Judo are separated into a number of categories:

Tai Sabaki - Body movements

Ukemi - breakfalls

Nage waza - throwing techniques

Katame waza - grappling techniques

Atemi waza - striking techniques

Note: Traditionally and for safety, Judo only practices striking techniques in kata (pre-arranged forms) and not in randori (free practice or sparing) nor shiai (competition).